Cairo & Baharyia Adventure

$ 550

6 Days / 5 Nights
4 hotel
All inclusive

Temple of Ramesses II

Abu Simbel, Egypt ,The two temples at Abu Simbel were built between 1269 and 1256 BC, early in the reign of Ramesses II (1279-1212 BC). Shown in this photo is the Great Temple, which was dedicated to the deified king. Politically, the temple anchors the southern line of Egypt's expansion into Nubia, and was intended to overawe the Nubians into acceptance of Egyptian hegemony. There is no doubt that the temples overawe the modern tourist.

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Abydos Egypt

Abydos is located West of the Nile, on the border between the valley and the desert, some 40 miles west of Dendera. As a burial ground of the ancient kings of Egypt, it became an important religious center from Predynastic times onward. It is particularly associated with Osiris, the "Lord of Abydos," whose mysteries were celebrated there annually. The ritual reenactment of Osiris' death and resurrection brought pilgrims from all over Egypt.

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Colossi of Memnon

West Bank, across from Karnak, Egypt. These paired colossal statues of Amenhotep III were poetically, but incorrectly, thought in ancient times to represent Memnon, the mythological son of Eos (dawn). It was said that the northern (right) statue made a sort of moaning sound at dawn and dusk. The colossus fell silent after repairs by the Roman emperor Septimius Severus.

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Egyptian Museum

A colossal statue flanks the entranceway to the main hall of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. On its base is the cartouche of Merneptah, the thirteenth son of Ramesses II. Ramesses outlived his first twelve sons, so it was his oldest living son, Merneptah, who became pharaoh upon Ramesses' death in 1212 BC.

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Elephantine Island

Elephantine is an island in the River Nile, located just downstream of the First Cataract at the southern border of Ancient Egypt. This region is referred to as Upper Egypt because the land is higher than that near the Mediterranean coast. The island may have received its name because it was a trading place for ivory[citation needed]. Other theories claim that

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Esna Egypt

The Late Roman temple of Khnum at Esna dates from the time of Ptolemy VI (180-145 BC) to Decius (249-251 AD). It is located just off the Nile, about 30 miles south of the Valley of the Kings.The photo is taken from ground level. It shows the hypostyle hall, built during the reign of Claudius (41-54 AD), nestled in its large and deep excavation pit. 

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Greco Roman temple complex

Karanis, Site overview of the Greco-Roman temple complex of Karanis in the Faiyum oasis. The Fayum towns were settled by Roman veterans after Augustus conquered Egypt, though the small number of Latin papyri found in Karanis (only two) and the overwhelming number of Greek papyri from or concerning these veterans from this period suggest that these new soldiers may not have been culturally Roman but instead Greek,

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Karnak

The temple complex at Karnak is known for the Great Temple of Amun, the most important temple in Egypt from the 18th Dynasty onward. Within the Precinct of Amun (central enclosure) lies the Great Temple itself, and several subsidiary temples to other deities. A separate enclosure to the north of Amun is dedicated to Montu, the local god of Thebes. To the south of Amun lies the Precinct of Mut.

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Kom Ombo Egypt

Temple of Sobek and Horus,  Kom Ombo, Egypt, Situated on a bend of the Nile between Edfu and Lake Nasser, Kom Ombo dates from the time of Ptolemy VI through the early Roman period. This is a view of the outer hypostyle hall from the front (southwest corner) of the temple. A variety of capitals, typical of the Ptolemaic period, can be seen, The truncated columns, foreground, belong to the entrance courtyard in front of the hall.

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Luxor Museum

Reign of Amenhotep III, 1386-1349. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty. Hathor is the daughter of Re. As the wife of Horus, she is also symbolically the consort of pharaoh. In her cow form she is an aspect of the universal mother. She was assimilated by the Greeks to Aphrodite, the goddess of love. In this statue the seated goddess wears a crown with cow horns and...

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Temple and Palace of Ramesses III

Medinet Habu lies south of Deir el-Medina and the Valley of the Kings, on the west bank of the Nile across from Luxor and Thebes. To the right of this photo is the Greco-Roman facade of a temple to Amun (begun by Hatshepsut and enlarged over the next 1,500 years.) To the left, and extending behind the Amun temple, is the palace and mortuary temple of 

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Collapsed Pyramid at Meidum

The true (smooth) pyramid evolved in the third dynasty from its step pyramid predecessor. The Meidum pyramid is an early example of this. The intent was to add fill around a seven-stepped core, then encase the whole pyramid in smooth limestone. But it was abandoned before completion, probably due to some kind of engineering failure (exactly why, is not known). Its valuable limestone blocks were taken away and reused

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Obelisk With Baboons

Obelisk With Baboons, Nubian Museum, Aswan, Egypt, The arrangement of sacred baboons around a central obelisk symbolizes their role as devotees of Re, the Sun (in nature, the Egyptians observed baboons "adoring" the sun at dawn.) Because of this symbolism, the baboon was also identified with Thoth, the vizir of Ra.

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Temple Complex of Philae

These Greco-Roman temples were originally located on the island of Philae. However, with the building of the Aswan dams, Philae is now under water. In order to save the temples, they were relocated to the nearby island of Agilkia, where they are seen today. Philae's monuments date from the time of Nectanebo I (380-362 BC) through the early. Christian era. They were the last pagan temples in Egypt. Kept open for Nubian use

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Pyramid of Amenemhet

Pyramid of Amenemhet III 1842 BC - 1797 BC, Hawara, Egypt, This mud-brick pyramid was originally covered in limestone. It is the burial place of the Middle Kingdom pharaoh Amenemhet III, who also built a pyramid at Dahshur. Hawara is an oasis in the Faiyum.

 
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Pyramid of Sahure

Pyramid of Sahure, 2491 BC - 2477 BC, Abusir, Egypt, The poor preservation of Sahure's pyramid is due to cost-cutting: the inner core was poorly constructed, to save on labor. However, the low reliefs in the king's mortuary temple are considered masterpieces; they are now largely dispersed into various museums around the world.

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Red Pyramid of Snefru

The Red Pyramid is the northernmost, and later, of Snefru's two pyramids at Dahshur. Considered the first true pyramid in Egypt, its gentle 43° slope is the same as the final slope of the Bent Pyramid – after their earlier problems with the Bent Pyramid, the builders were taking no chances with this one. Snefru, one of the greatest kings of Egypt, was the founder of the 4th Dynasty who built Egypt up into an international power and consolidated the art and architectural 

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Pyramids and Sphinx in Giza

The Giza Necropolis is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. This complex of ancient monuments includes the three pyramid complexes known as the Great Pyramids, the massive sculpture known as the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers' village and an industrial complex. It is located some 9 km (5 mi) inland into the desert from the old town of Giza on the Nile, some 25 km (15 mi) southwest of Cairo city centre.. 

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Step Pyramid of Djoser

Djoser's pyramid is the first in Egypt, and the earliest stone building of comparable size in the world. Its first layer is a mastaba (slab-covered pit tomb). The architect, Imhotep, added five more layers to create a six-step pyramid. The Egyptians were so impressed by this new kind of building, that they deified Imhotep after his death. Symbolically, the pyramid's steps represent a staircase by which Pharaoh's spirit could mount to the starry heaven.

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Tanis

Tanis, a port city in the northeast Delta, was the capital city of the 21st and 22d dynasties in the Third Intermediate Period, when Egypt was once again divided between North and South. The Tanite rulers brought existing statues and monuments from elsewhere in Egypt to build and decorate their capital.

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Dendera

Dendera lies along a bend of the Nile about 20 miles north of Karnak. The Greco-Roman temple of Hathor is mostly Ptolemaic, except for the outer hypostyle hall (35 AD) which is Roman. The complex - which also contains several mammisis, a sanitorium, and a Christian basilica - was fronted by a monumental gateway of Domitian and Trajan, the remains of which are seen here.

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Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut's temple is located at the base of a dramatic cliff in the Valley of the Queens, across the Nile and about 6 km (3.6 mi) west of Karnak. The temple is not physically connected to either of Hatshepsut's tombs, but served as the place of her mortuary cult and as the western terminus of the Beautiful Festival of the Valley, an annual procession in which the divine barque of Amun was carried across the Nile from 

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Edfu Temple of Horus

The Ptolemaic temple of Horus at Edfu is the best-preserved temple in Egypt, and indeed in all the ancient world. Inscriptions on the walls document every phase of the temple's construction, from 237 BC (Ptolemy III) to 57 BC (Ptolemy XII). Located on the west bank of the Nile, about halfway between Esna and Kom Ombo, the temple is oriented towards the south.

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The Citadel of Salah El Din

This fortification, located in Old Cairo East of the Nile, was originally built by the Islamic hero Saladin (1137-1193). Saladin, the ruler of Egypt and Syria, was honored by Christians and Muslims alike for his knightly prowess and courtesy. Saladin recovered Jerusalem from the Crusader Kings. He ended the III Crusade by a treaty with King Richard I the Lionheart which preserved Muslim rule over Jerusalem while granting religious access to the Christians. 

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Luxor West Bank

The mortuary temple of Ramesses II is situated on the West Bank of the Nile. Its entrance, to the left in this photo, faces the temple of Luxor on the East Bank.The Theban Necropolis is located on the west bank of the Nile, opposite Luxor, in Egypt. As well as the more famous royal tombs located in the Valley of the Kings and Queens, there are numerous other tombs, more commonly referred to as Tombs of the Nobles, the 

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